Best known for the fairy chimneys and the cave dwellings, Cappadocia is a lovely region in Turkey which offers a lot of things to do for those who enjoy hiking and visiting interesting places.
Cappadocia is a historical region, located in Central Anatolia. The term “Cappadocia” is used to define a region of superb natural wonders, especially the fairy chimneys. The area also has a unique historical and cultural heritage.
Cappadocia has a continental climate, characterized by hot, dry summers and cold, snowy winters. The area is semi-arid.
Jan avg high 3C / avg low -3C
Jul/Aug avg high 27C /avg low 12C
>>read more about Weather in Turkey
How to get to
The fastest way to get to Cappadocia is by plane. The area is served by two airports :
- Kayseri Erkilet Airport (ASR), located in Kayseri: it mostly receives domestic flights, but there are also some international flights from the Netherlands and Germany.
- Nevşehir Kapadokya Airport (NAV), located in Gulşehir: it only receives domestic flights.
Unless you plan to fly from the Netherlands or Germany, your best bet is to fly into Istanbul and then take a domestic flight to Cappadocia.
The cheaper option is the bus. Many companies offer bus services to Nevsehir and Goreme from various large Turkish towns, such as: Istanbul , Izmir (both 12 hours), Ankara (5 hours), Bursa (11 hours) or Antalya (9 hours).
Another option is to take the train to Kayseri, a train station which is served by all train stations in Turkey. But this is the only train station in Cappadocia, so to get to the rest of the cities, you need to take the bus. Or rent a car .
>>read more about Transportation in Turkey
What to do
Cappadocia is a very popular travel destination in Turkey. May tourists prefer to choose one of the cave houses in Urgup, Goreme, Guzelyurt, or Uchisar. After all, the cave dwellings are one of the most important features of the area. But there aren’t only houses carved in the rock…you can also find churches and monasteries. Some of them can be visited, such as the Goreme Open Air Museum, which contains more than 30 carved from rock churches and chapels.
If you like to spend time in nature, trekking is a popular past time here. You can find trekking and hiking routes in Ihlara Valley, Monestry Valley (Guzelyurt), Rose Valley (Cavusin), Urgup, and Goreme.
Should you choose to see the landscape from above, you can try hot air ballooning in Goreme. Or you can take a walking tour of the old Greek houses located in Sinasos.
Cavusin is also filled with interesting places to see, including the Red Valley which comprises a lovely sunset viewing point.
Don’t leave Cappadocia without tasting the local cuisine and trying the wine. The area is one of the biggest wine producing regions in Turkey.